Category Archives: Latin America

Tuesday’s Quick Clicks…

Tuesday’s Quick Clicks…

Jason Puracal Wins Appeal, To Be Released….

Previous coverage of case here, here and here….

From AP:

MANAGUA, Nicaragua – A U.S. citizen jailed for nearly two years on money-laundering and drug charges in Nicaragua will be freed after a court unanimously upheld his appeal, his lawyer said Wednesday.

Attorney Fabbrith Gomez said the appeals court vacated the charges against Jason Puracal, 35, of Tacoma,  and ordered him released immediately.

“We are happy, everyone that worked for this is happy,” he said.

Gomez said it could be a matter of hours or days before the University of Washington graduate, who worked as a real estate agent in Nicaragua, is released from the prison right outside Managua, the capital.

The court was supposed to have announced its ruling by Sept. 4, according to Nicaraguan law, but Gomez said he wasn’t until Wednesday.

Details of the decision to free Puracal were not immediately available. There was no immediate confirmation from court officials.

Gomez had argued to the appeals court that Puracal’s home sales were legitimate business deals and were not related in any way to drug traffickers.

Puracal made the Pacific coast beach town of San Juan del Sur his home after a two-year stint in Nicaragua with the Peace Corps. He married a Nicaraguan woman and they had a son.

In late 2010, masked policeman raided his real estate office and took him to Nicaragua’s maximum security prison. Prosecutors charged that Puracal was using his business as a front for money laundering in a region used to transport cocaine from Colombia to the United States.

He was convicted in August 2011 of all charges and later sentenced to 22 years in prison.

Puracal’s family and friends and human rights groups maintained the charges were false. U.S. lawmakers supported Puracal by sending letters to Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega.


Jason Puracal Supporters Hold Vigils; Deliver Petition to Nicaraguan Embassy…


From newssource:


It’s been exactly one year since a Tacoma man was sentenced to 22 years in prison for drug trafficking and money laundering in Nicaragua.

Jason Puracal’s family and hundreds of supporters have stood by him, claiming he was wrongfully convicted without evidence.

On Wednesday, the effort to free Puracal will strengthen with an event in Los Angeles and one in Seattle.

Supporters with plan to deliver a petition to the Nicaraguan embassy in L.A., demanding Puracal’s release. Organizers claim to have gathered more than 100,000 signatures.

At the University of Washington, supporters and Jason’s family will gather at Red Square at 8:00 p.m. for a candlelight vigil.

Jason’s sister, Janis, recently returned from Nicaragua, where an appeals court heard Jason’s case last week. The family is now awaiting a judge’s decision.

“I know there’s no evidence against Jason,” Janis said. “I want to say I’m confident he’s coming home, [but] it’s hard for me to put a lot of stock in that system after two years of fighting it.”

The family maintains there was never any evidence linking Jason to drugs, money or any of the other 10 defendants convicted of the crimes.

Jason’s health has improved in prison, but he continues to struggle with depression. According to Janis, he was recently planed on suicide watch.

Decision from Nicaraguan Court on Jason Puracal Could Come in Next 10 Days….


MANAGUA, Nicaragua (AP) – A Washington state man convicted of money laundering in Nicaragua has argued at a hearing appealing his 22-year sentence that police and prosecutors created lies to link him to organized crime.

The lawyer for 35-year-old Jason Puracal of Tacoma says three appellate judges are looking at evidence such as business records that show Puracal has no ties to the companies listed in the formal accusation.

The panel is expected to make a decision in five to 10 days, attorney Fabbrith Gomez told The Associated Press after Monday’s hearing.

Puracal’s family says he was wrongfully convicted two years ago and thrown into one of the most dangerous Central American prisons. Now family members are going to new lengths to try to get him freed.

“He was the kind of brother who would be very protective – but would also challenge you,” Jason’s sister, Janis Puracal, said earlier this month.

Puracal is a University of Washington graduate who served in the Peace Corps in Nicaragua in 2002. He was convicted in 2011 of laundering money through his Re/Max International real estate franchise in San Juan del Sur on Nicaragua’s west coast.


Jason Puracal Granted Hearing in Nicaragua…

From the

A U.S. citizen serving a 22-year prison sentence in Nicaragua for drug trafficking and money laundering who a United Nations group has said was wrongly convicted has been granted an appeals hearing, his supporters announced on Wednesday.

Jason Puracal, 35, was detained by Nicaraguan authorities in November 2010 and later found guilty by a trial judge along with 10 Nicaraguan co-defendants despite their testimony that they had never met or worked with Puracal, his legal team said. It added that the prosecution’s own witnesses said he was innocent.

Puracal has become a cause célèbre for human rights activists in the United States and around the world, with U.S. lawmakers appealing to Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega and a former high-ranking U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration official launching a massive petition drive on Puracal’s behalf.

“The 11-month wait for Jason’s hearing is over. The one-year anniversary of his conviction will be August 29, and we really hope to have him home by then. We’re optimistic, and we just ask that people continue to stay engaged,” said Eric Volz, founder of an international crisis resource group called the David House Agency that has been helping push for Puracal’s release.

Puracal’s appeal will come before a three-judge panel on August 16 in a hearing that is expected to last five days, supporters said. A decision could come anywhere from five days to months after the hearing concludes.

Neither prosecutors nor the Nicaraguan government immediately responded to requests for comment.

Supporters have been pushing for the appeal to be heard for nearly a year, and heightened those efforts in the past week after finding out that Puracal, who has been insolitary confinement, was put on suicide watch by Nicaraguan authorities.

Puracal’s sisters Janis and Jaime flew to Nicaragua this week and started knocking on the doors of government officials and visited the appeals court in person, supporters said.

“Within four hours, Jason’s attorney got a phone call being notified of the date that was being set for the hearing. That’s the main reason we believe this is finally moving,” Volz told Reuters.

Volz was himself convicted of murder in the same Nicaraguan courtroom in 2006, eventually serving 14 months of a 30-year sentence in the same La Modelo prison in Tipitapa, just east of the capital Managua. A Nicaraguan appeals court overturned his conviction last year.

The United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention said in May that Puracal was arbitrarily imprisoned and recommended that he be immediately freed.

A U.S. citizen born in Washington state, Puracal became a resident of Nicaragua after serving there as a Peace Corps volunteer in 2002, and he has married a Nicaraguan woman.

Before his arrest, he was working at a real estate office in the Nicaraguan city of San Juan del Sur, a surfing destination on the Pacific Coast.

Puracal’s supporters said he came under suspicion due to his job as a real estate agent, which gave him control over large sums of money held in escrow for property transactions and drew the attention of Nicaraguan law enforcement authorities.


Argentine police officers accused of torture that appears on video

Despite recent justice system progress in South America, here is a link to an article about police in Argentina using torture.  The two “suspects” in this case had only been detained for a misdemeanor.

Friday’s Quick Clicks…

Redinocente Hosts First Latin American Innocence Conference

This past week lawyers, activists, and law professors from throughout Latin America gathered in Santiago, Chile for the First Latin American Innocence Conference. The conference was hosted by Redinocente (, an organization launched this year with the mission of assisting in the creation and support of innocence efforts throughout Latin America. The event made national headlines in Chile and had outstanding speakers including the former President of Bolivia (Eduardo Rodriguez), the Michael Moore of Argentina (Enrique Piñeyro), the National Public Defender of Chile (Georgy Schubert Studer), and exoneree Eric Volz.

There were presentations about innocence efforts underway in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico. The conference was attended by more than 70 representatives.

During the conference Redinocente hosted the Chilean premier of El Rati Horror Show, a film by Enrique Piñeyro which documents the story of Ariel Fernando Carrera who was wrongfully convicted of a high-profile murder of three people. Carrera was recently released by the Argentine Supreme Court after spending seven years in prison. The film has been widely credited for bringing the story to light.

There are already plans underway for next year’s conference which will be held in Bueno Aires.

Innocence Projects Forming in Latin America…

From the Daily Transcript:

California Western School of Law professors James M. Cooper and Justin P. Brooks will help launch Red Inocente, an Innocence Network in Latin America, this week in Santiago, Chile.

Modeled on the success of the California Innocence Project, Red Inocente is a public education and advocacy program dedicated to the release of wrongly convicted people and the reform of laws that lead to wrongful conviction in Latin America.

The launch of Red Inocente will coincide with the inaugural conference for innocence projects in Latin America. Cooper and Brooks also will help to establish innocence projects in Argentina, Chile, and Peru later this year.

Jason Puracal on CNN Last Night…

Watch the video, which includes Anderson Cooper doing a phone interview with Jason here.


(CNN) — An American being held in a Nicaraguan prison said he is innocent and described his treatment in a “hellhole” in an exclusive phone interview with CNN’s Anderson Cooper on Thursday.

“I don’t know the reason that I’m here,” Jason Puracal said. “That’s been a mystery from the very beginning. What the motives behind the police and the prosecution have been.”

Puracal, a 35-year-old from Washington state, has been behind bars since August 2010, when Nicaraguan authorities raided his real estate office in the coastal tourist city of San Juan del Sur.

CNN profiled Puracal in February.

In November, a Nicaraguan judge found Puracal guilty of money laundering, drug trafficking and organized crime and sentenced the American to 22 years. But a chorus of supporters say that there is no evidence to support the charges and Continue reading

Exoneration in Argentina..

Here is an email sent yesterday by Justin Brooks, director of the California Innocence Project:

I am so pleased to report that the Argentinian Supreme Court has reversed the conviction of Fernando Carerra.  Carerra’s case was championed by Enrique Pinero, an Argentinian film director and co-founder of our newest innocence project in South America. The Carerra case was the subject of Pinero’s film “The Rati Horror Show.” which we will premiere in Santiago, Chile in 2 weeks at our First Latin American Innocence Conference.
There is an incredible amount of media attention on this case, mostly in Spanish, but here is a short article in English.

Jason Puracal Case on Anderson Cooper Live Tonight in U.S….

The case has been covered many times on this blog, including here, here and here.

The case will be featured on Anderson Cooper 360 Tonight at 8:00 and against at 10:00 EST.

How Nations Handle Extra-Territorial Breaches of their Nationals’ Right to Innocence and Miscarriages of Justice

That the world is shrinking by the day, is much more than a metaphor. It’s a reality. Nationals of nations are scattered all around the globe, seeking different realities, challenges and opportunities. In the process, they are confronted with different norms, cultures and laws which they are compelled to abide by, or face sanctions for breaches of the laws of their host countries. In effect, nationals outside their own territories, must not only comply with the laws of their host countries, but there is a continuing responsibility of their own governments to ensure that they are treated fairly,  justly and in line with internationally acceptable legal standards.

What happens when a government fails to take up that challenge on behalf of their own citizens abroad? It’s sometimes a catch twenty-two situation, given the intersection between politics and law. One thing is certain though, most international Instruments lay down certain minimum standards for the dispensation of justice and, indeed, of the trial process. Recent cases of US and Nigerian citizens with criminal processes/procedures abroad, have demonstrated that, whilst one nation takes seriously it’s continuing international obligations to its nationals; the other have simply shirked her responsibilities to it’s nationals abroad, leaving them at the mercy and vagaries of the ‘laws’ of the host countries, without regard to the fairness, justice or indeed, whether the laws of the host countries guarantees the minimum rights under international law.

With respect to the US, the recent case of Jason Puracal (An American citizen) in Nicaragua was handled ‘fairly’ well, if for nothing, the drawing of the attention of the US Congress (43 House of Representatives members) to his plight, and the calling of the attention of the United Nations, declaring the Nicaraguan judicial system as flawed and a violation of international law. Read archived post on this case here.

That Nigerian nationals face legal hurdles and challenges abroad is well documented. What is not well appreciated is the response of the Nigerian government, and it’s attitude to her nationals undergoing criminal processes abroad. In Indonesia for instance, there are a sizeable number of Nigerians who have alleged that, their right to justice, and sometimes, outright miscarriages of justice have occurred; which has left them wrongfully imprisoned, some on death row, and others, actually have been executed without due process. Read here and here

There is the on-going trial of a Nigerian pastor in Austria – Pastor Joshua Esosa -for ‘drug related offenses’, which he vigorously denies. He was made to undergo criminal processes in Austria which resulted in his ‘conviction and sentence’, whereupon he appealed the decision. An appellate court in Austria, it seems, have ordered the remittal of his case for re-trial de novo. That re-trial commenced, or rather, took place on the 6th of June, 2012. The point here is that, Pastor Joshua Esosa practically shouted himself hoarse, before he was given the right of re-trial, despite the unfairness of the initial trial process; and the Nigerian Embassy appearing to have utterly failed him. Read his story here

In conclusion, the anecdotal facts above, clearly demonstrate that governments owe it’s own nationals obligations to ensure that they are given a fair trial abroad. That obligation is a continuing one. It must be exercised responsibly in line with internationally acceptable legal standards. Where those domestic standards falls short of universally acceptable norms, by virtue of its continuing obligations, it behooves governments to engage on her nationals’ behalf to ensure justice is done. The Nigerian government must now begin to learn to shift grounds, and explore not only legal measures, but political means to protect her nationals abroad.

United Nations Calls on Nicaragua to Immediately Release Wrongly Imprisoned U.S. Citizen Jason Puracal

Prior coverage of case by contributing editor Justin Brooks here…Chicago Tribune article about UN action here

David House Agency – Press Release

United Nations Calls on Nicaragua to Immediately Release
Wrongly Imprisoned U.S. Citizen Jason Puracal
Declares Nicaragua in Violation of International Law
Washington, DC (May 30, 2012) – The United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention has ruled that the Government of Nicaragua’s detention of Jason Puracal is in violation of international law and he should be released immediately.  Puracal, an American citizen from the Seattle/Tacoma area, has been illegally detained since November 2010 in Nicaragua’s infamous La Modelo prison.  Under Opinion No. 10/2012 – which was issued by renowned experts from Chile, Norway, Pakistan, Senegal, Ukraine – the United Nations urged immediate action.  Puracal’s appeal hearing has been delayed for nine months and remains unscheduled.
There are more than 3,000 U.S. citizens detained worldwide for various alleged and actual offenses.  Puracal is the only American currently being detained even though there is an independent finding that the detention is unlawful.   The UN found the Nicaraguan judicial system failed to provide Puracal with a trial consistent with its obligations under international law, resulting in an arbitrary verdict.  He was denied the right to a competent tribunal established by law, the right to a fair trial, the presumption of innocence, and the right to be tried without undue delay.
“We are gratified that the United Nations has found Jason is being held in violation of international law,” said Puracal’s international attorney, Jared Genser.  “We call on the Nicaraguan government to release him immediately in accordance with this important ruling.”
Earlier this month, 43 members of the United States House of Representatives sent a letter urging President Ortega take immediate action by ordering an independent review of the case.  The letter is available here: 2012.pdf.
May 31 marks Jason’s 35th birthday and 568th day in prison.  For more information, please visit

Saturday’s Quick Clicks…

American Man Held Without Charges in Bolivia for 11 Months Goes on Hunger Strike

Jacob Ostreicher, who has been held in prison in Bolivia for 11 months without any formal charges, is on a hunger strike.   Ostreicher’s lawyer and family contend that he is an innocent man who has been falsely linked to a drug and money laundering investigation.   They claim that Ostreicher’s was involved in a a rice operation in Santa Cruz and they presented more than 1,000 documents in preliminary hearings proving that Ostreicher has conducted nothing but legitimate business transactions in Bolivia.

Ostreicher is being held in the notorious Palmasola Prison in Santa Cruz.  The prison is well known as being run by the inmates.  The perimeter is controlled by guards, but they do not control the activities by the inmates housed in the facility.

US lawmakers Urge Nicaraguan President to Review Jason Puracal’s Case

Forty three U.S. Congressmen have signed on to a letter to Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega urging him to review the case of American Jason Puracal.  Mr. Puracal, a former  Peace Corp volunteer, was working for Remax Real Estate Company in San Juan del Sur when his home and office where invaded by police.  No evidence of drugs or any other criminal evidence was found, yet Mr Puracal was arrested, charged with drug trafficking and money laundering, and sentenced to 22 years in prison.  At his trial, there was no evidence of drugs presented and the evidence of money laundering consisted of legitimate purchase agreements in the escrow account from the Remax Real Estate office.  Mr. Puracal was not allowed to call witnesses for his defense.

The Congressman expressed their dismay at this wrongful conviction and also the fact that Mr. Puracal is being held in a crowded, unsanitary cell where he does not have access to clean water.  They urged that the conviction and the conditions of confinement be reviewed.

Mr. Puracal’s case has received the support of many lawyers in the innocence project network including the California Innocence Project at California Western School of Law in San Diego.


This past week a conference was held at Universidad Autonoma de Baja California in Tijuana, Mexico with the goal of launching the first innocence project in Mexico as a joint project of UABC and the California Innocence Project at California Western Law School in San Diego.  The proximity of UABC to the California border makes it a short commute from San Diego, creating an opportunity for international coordination where the two innocence projects can work closely together.

The Director of UABC Law School, Mario Herrera, recognizes the value of innocence projects to the educational mission of the law school, as well as the service it provides to clients.  Commenting on these dual missions he said, “Tener un Proyecto Inocente en Tijuana será una gran oportunidad para que nuestros estudiantes de derecho aprendan el procedimiento penal, se conviertan en mejores abogados y ayuden a liberar a personas condenadas injustamente.” (To have an innocence project in Tijuana will be a great opportunity for our law students to learn the criminal process and become better lawyers while helping to liberate the wrongfully convicted.)

Marco Macklis, a graduate of UABC Law School who works for the California Innocence Project, initiated this conference and partnership.  “It’s great to be able to bring together the law school I graduated from and the law school I work for.  This will be an amazing program that is greatly needed in Mexico.”

Tuesday’s Quick Clicks…

  • Hearing held yesterday in in Texas in case of mother convicted of murdering her child by forcing him to eat cajun seasoning until he died of sodium overdose.  Mother has always maintained innocence and claims ineffective assistance of counsel and non-disclosure of crucial evidence by the prosecution
  • Recap of the Brady hearing yesterday in DC involving the Mid-Atlantic Innocence Project
  • Police claim 2005 evidence preservation law in Wisconsin is now causing storage problems
  • Listen to John Grisham’s radio interview about his work for Innocence Projects
  • Death penalty will be on California ballot in November
  • The Good Wife TV show has an episode this week based loosely on the Michael Morton wrongful conviction and exoneration
  • Janis Puracal, sister of Jason Puracal (case discussed here and here), discusses her visit with her brother in a Nicaraguan prison
  • Innocence Project fights for exoneration in alleged false confession case in DC