Category Archives: Uncategorized

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Activist Shaun King Creates New PAC That Plans To Elect Progressive Prosecutors To Help Reform The Justice System

Ken Starr, Board of Contributors: Prosecutors’ first priority is justice for all, including the accused

Prosecutors and Wrongful Convictions: ‘Pay Now or Pay Later’

Amazon’s In-House Lawyers Help Free the Innocent in Pro Bono Project

When Jennifer Brown isn’t working on compliance issues like food and product safety or on environmental health issues for Seattle-based Amazon.com Inc., she’s been known to spend hours at a time scouring court documents from cases involving those held behind bars in the Pacific Northwest.

In fact, she dedicated more than 40 hours of her time last year to looking through court filings and trial transcripts from just one individual case.

Brown is one of the Amazon in-house lawyers who have volunteered their time to do pro bono work for Innocence Project Northwest, a nonprofit that provides legal services for prisoners hoping to prove their innocence.

The organization helps combat wrongful convictions in the state of Washington and, to date, has assisted in 14 exonerations. It works independently of other similar groups, including the well-known Innocence Project based in New York—though the two have similar goals.

So, how did members of Amazon’s legal team get to work behind the scenes on wrongful conviction cases that look a bit like those chronicled in famous podcasts like “Serial” or documentaries like “Making a Murderer” or “West of Memphis”?  It started at the top of the department.

Find out here →

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Interview with Luca Luparia, founder of Italy Innocence Project

Blind Denial: The law is mocked

 

Louisiana Man Exonerated by DNA Evidence After Serving Nearly 38 Years in Prison for Rape He Didn’t Commit

Malcolm Alexander, who was just 21 years old when he was wrongfully convicted of aggravated rape and sentenced to life in Louisiana State Penitentiary (Angola), was released from prison Monday after Jefferson Parish Judge June Darensburg overturned his conviction.

 Darensburg made her decision after a reinvestigation by the Jefferson Parish District Attorney’s Office determined that Alexander did not have competent and effective counsel during his trial, and that his conviction rested heavily on a flawed, unreliable identification procedure.
Her decision also rested on DNA evidence that was thought to be lost long ago.
On Nov. 8, 1979, a black man allegedly entered an antique store on Whitney Avenue in Gretna, La. He allegedly grabbed the owner, a 39-year-old white woman, from behind in the empty store and raped her twice at gunpoint.
 The victim never clearly saw her attacker’s face.

In February 1980, Alexander had a consensual sexual encounter with a white woman who asked him for money and later accused him of sexual assault.

Even though the woman’s charges were unsubstantiated and no charges were ever filed against Alexander, authorities had his photo on file.

That’s all they needed.

Gretna police showed the antique-store owner Alexander’s picture, and she “tentatively” identified him as her assailant out of hundreds of photos shown to her. Three days later, police placed Alexander in a lineup, and by that time, the store owner was “sure” that he was the man who had attacked her.

This was four months after she was attacked in the dark, from behind, at gunpoint. Alexander was the only man in the lineup whose picture had also been in the photo array.

According to the Innocence Project:

Research has shown that multiple identification procedures can contaminate a witness’s memory, causing a witness to become confused about whether he or she recognizes the person from the event or the earlier procedure, while also making the witness more confident in his or her identification.

After a trial that lasted one day—during which Alexander’s attorney, Joseph Tosh, failed to make an opening statement or call any witnesses for the defense, and failed to adequately cross-examine the state’s witnesses about the identification—Alexander was sentenced to life in prison on Dec. 10, 1980.

Still, he never stopped insisting that he was innocent.

Read the rest of Alexander’s story here

All Americans should have a right to counsel

Our Sixth Amendment right to counsel is one of our chief defenses against the power of the government to take the property, the liberty — and in some cases, the life — of the accused. Yet it is sadly and routinely abused by the government. The well-documented failure of state and local governments to respect this critical constitutional right has resulted in unjust convictions, hurt public safety and cost taxpayers dearly.

Unfortunately, it came to light last Thursday that Attorney General Jeff Sessions has effectively shuttered the Access to Justice Office, the very section of the Department of Justice that was created to help protect this essential constitutional right. While it is quite common for a new administration to shift priorities and reshuffle departments, the closure of this office is a real blow and should be reversed.

Each day, thousands of people are incarcerated in states, counties and municipalities without ever speaking to an attorney and in flagrant violation of their constitutional right to counsel.  For those that do get an attorney, a defendant is too often assigned a lawyer beholden to the presiding judge to secure future court appointments, or one driven by financial incentives to dispose of the case quickly. Or, she may be represented by a public defender office, which is likely to be understaffed, underfunded, undertrained and overworked, and often lacking the oversight necessary to ensure constitutionally adequate representation.

The Access to Justice Office helped preserve our Sixth Amendment rights by intervening in cases challenging the denial of effective counsel to indigent defendants. Its work on behalf of the American people led to agreements by states and counties to reform their justice systems to ensure that people accused of crimes — including children — do not lose their constitutional rights simply because they are too poor to afford an attorney.

The move to effectively close the office is shortsighted, particularly for those concerned about public safety. Poor lawyering is the chief cause of wrongful conviction in almost a quarter of the cases in the National Registry of Exonerations. When law enforcement resources are misdirected at the innocent, guilty perpetrators remain at large, free to commit new crimes and harm new victims. As such, our Sixth Amendment crisis has the potential not only to harm those directly caught up in the criminal justice system, but society at large.

Read more here →

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The False Conviction of the District Attorney Turned Reality Star

Philadelphia’s DA office keeps secret list of suspect police

We need to talk about an injustice.

Dossier Alleges Scathing Misconduct by Colorado U.S. Attorney’s Office & Federal Judges

Denver, CO — (ReleaseWire) — 09/22/2017 –Federal prosecutors “won their case through willful failing to disclose evidence (favorable to the defendant)”, said Congressman Sensenbrenner. “If [prosecutors] had complied with the ethical and legal obligations, the jury might not have convicted [the defendant],” added Sensenbrenner.

In speaking about the same prosecutorial misconduct, Congressman John Conyers said that “If these offenses could happen to [this defendant], they could happen to anyone. Often overlooked is the fact that prosecutorial misconduct of this nature happens with alarming frequency, to the obvious harm of countless defendants…”.

“When the government conceals information in a prosecution that could undermine its case against a defendant, such concealment is fundamentally and constitutionally unfair as well as unethical, and it is illegal…” said Congressman Bobby Scott.

“The alleged prosecutorial misconduct by the Colorado U.S. Attorney’s Office in the IRP6 case, which includes unlawful obstruction and interference with favorable evidence that could undermine the government’s case, was a hundred times worse than the case mentioned above by Congressmen Sensenbrenner, Conyers and Scott,” says Lamont Banks, Executive Director of A Just Cause. “I am hopeful that after reviewing the IRP6 dossier, the DOJ, in the interest of justice, will file a Rule 48(a) motion to dismiss the IRP6 indictment to free five men of the IRP6 who continue to languish in prison after five years on a wrongful conviction,” adds Banks. “Any dismissal would probably have to be filed with U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor (who oversees the District of Colorado and 10th Circuit) because of their proven, deep-seated bias against the IRP6 which is discussed in the dossier,” contends Banks.

“The dossier lays out numerous facts and evidence that proves the IRP6 are actually innocent and shows how prosecutors and judges allegedly colluded together, taking calculated and premeditated steps to deny the IRP6 a fair trial and appeal. This was achieved by deceiving two grand juries, a trial jury, and blatantly violating a federal statute to ensure defendants couldn’t present evidence & testimony that could have exonerated them. Furthermore, forcing one of the IRP6 defendants who were representing themselves to testify in violation of their 5th Amendment rights. Concluding with destroying and/or concealing portions of trial transcripts to hide judicial threats,” adds Banks. “Absent a legitimate criminal case against the IRP6, the government secretly took allegedly unlawful steps to prosecute their Pastor and church members,” says Banks. “It’s all exposed in the dossier.”

Read more on the dossier here

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TUNNEL VISION Arizona Prosecutors Double Down on Murder Theory as the Evidence Crumbles Around Them #BlindInjusticeChapter7BlindTunnelVision 

BLIND MEMORY This 2015 study is now being challenged as exaggerating its results. I discussed this study in #BlindInjusticeChapter5BlindMemory

 

Not Even the Supreme Court Can Get This 71-Year-Old Man Out of Prison

In January 2016, the Supreme Court ruled that Henry Montgomery’s life prison sentence was unconstitutional and that he had the right to seek release from Louisiana’s most notorious prison, Angola. But two years later, the 71-year-old Montgomery is still there.

A Baton Rouge jury convicted Montgomery of murder and sentenced him to life in prison for shooting a deputy sheriff, Charles Hurt, in 1963, when he had just turned 17. In 2012, the Supreme Court ruled in Miller v. Alabama that such mandatory life-without-parole sentences for juveniles were unconstitutional. Montgomery petitioned the court with the help of a jailhouse lawyer, asking it to apply the Miller decision retroactively to people who’d received such sentences before 2012. The court ruled in his favor.

Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote that “prisoners like Montgomery must be given the opportunity to show their crime did not reflect irreparable corruption; and, if it did not, their hope for some years of life outside prison walls must be restored.”

Montgomery hasn’t been so lucky. Despite being housed in a famously brutal prison for half a century, he has been a model prisoner, the court noted. But the local prosecutor has fought his attempts at release, arguing that Montgomery should simply be resentenced to life without parole. Hurt’s children and grandchildren have also opposed Montgomery’s release.

This year, a state judge finally granted Montgomery the right to a parole hearing, which was scheduled to take place last month. But on the day of the hearing, the board voted to postpone it while the board and the state attorney general fight over how many board members need to be present to hear the case under a new state law. The board said it hoped to meet again in 60 days, but no hearing has been scheduled.

Read more about Montgomery’s case here.

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#BlindInjusticeChapter2BlindDenial and Dehumanization: The root of all cruetly?

State v. Chester Hollman III – Episode 1 – An Open and Shut Case:

 

2 wrongfully convicted immigrants face uncertain future

Gabriel Solache and Arturo DeLeon-Reyes were forced to confess to a murder they didn’t commit by detectives who beat them. They were exonerated in December. Now the government wants to deport them.

Freedom was short-lived for two Mexican immigrants recently released after nearly 20 years in an Illinois prison when a judge ruled their confessions in a gruesome double-murder case were likely coerced.

Gabriel Solache and Arturo DeLeon-Reyes, who were freed in December, were immediately detained again. This time they’re awaiting deportation proceedings from Immigration and Customs Enforcement because they entered the country illegally.
They are among several defendants who have walked free because their cases were handled by Reynaldo Guevara, a discredited former Chicago detective facing allegations that for years he beat and bullied defendants to obtain false confessions.
DeLeon-Reyes’ attorney said he’s not sure he even made it past the fence outside the jail.

“But I do know he did see the sunshine without handcuffs on and could see a park and all of those were a first for him in a really long time,” said Andrew Vail, a Jenner and Block attorney who worked on the case for free.

DeLeon-Reyes and Solache’s release adds a chapter to what has become one of the most troubling stories of the Chicago Police Department in recent history. The allegations of Guevara’s brutality last year led to five overturned convictions. In previous years there have been other cases. One resulted in a 2009 jury award of $21 million — the largest award in a wrongful conviction judgment at the time — to a man who spent 11 years in prison before his conviction was overturned.

Guevara has repeatedly invoked his Fifth Amendment right to remain silent when he’s been called to respond to defendants’ allegations in several cases. He did the same late last year at a hearing for Solache and DeLeon-Reyes, but this time prosecutors granted him immunity hoping his testimony would keep their convictions intact.

But Guevara’s answer to every question was read more here…

Why Does Our Justice System Fight So Hard to Keep Innocent People Behind Bars?

In the criminal-justice system romanticized by Hollywood films, those convicted of crimes are generally guilty. And a protagonist need only prove that someone’s been wrongly imprisoned to get them freed by a judiciary that values truth and justice. The scrappy investigative reporter, jaded detective, or overmatched defense attorney comes up with the key piece of evidence that proves beyond doubt that someone has been wrongly convicted, and in the next scene that person walks out of the courthouse to be surrounded by joyful loved ones and supporters as the credits roll.

The real world is often quite different. Since it was established in 1992, the Innocence Project has succeeded in reversing the convictions of over 200 people, but the group says that a “staggering number of innocent people” remain behind bars today.

Perhaps even more troubling is that even when clear, indisputable evidence emerges showing that someone has been imprisoned for a crime they didn’t commit, prosecutors, police, and judges will often fight tooth and nail to keep them incarcerated. Read on →

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SAPD terminates, for a second time, a detective who allegedly botched 130 cases

Why suspects may ‘look alike’ to eyewitness

Denver police acknowledge errors with 1,000 crime reports, prompting internal investigation

 

Texas judge interrupts jury, says God told him defendant is not guilty

         A state district judge in Comal County said God told him to intervene in jury deliberations to sway jurors to return a not guilty verdict in the trial of a Buda woman accused of trafficking a teen girl for sex.

        Judge Jack Robison apologized to jurors for the interruption, but defended his actions by telling them “when God tells me I gotta do something, I gotta do it,” according to the Herald-Zeitung in New Braunfels. Read More →

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Blind Memory: Forgotten Baby Syndrome can happen to anyone 

Blind Ambition: Baltimore judge tosses Alford plea, rebuking prosecutor

Blind Intuition: Is Scott Peterson Innocent?

‘Believe the Victim:’ The Transformation of Justice

The Center for Prosecutor Integrity is calling on prosecutors and investigators to end the use of biased “Believe the Victim” investigative methods in sexual assault and domestic violence cases. This white paper focuses on how automatically believing a complainant often leads to injustice.

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Cook County judicial candidate, colleague misled jury into wrongful conviction

Why Is It So Hard for Wrongfully Convicted Women to Get Justice?

Cliven Bundy case: How big a problem is prosecutorial misconduct?

Cliven Bundy wanted to walk out of the courtroom in his jail jumpsuit and ankle shackles. Deputy marshals blocked him from doing that. But if it hadn’t been for “flagrant misconduct” committed by federal prosecutors and investigators in the case, the Nevada cattleman may not have been walking out at all.

US District Judge Gloria Navarro dismissed the case, which related to an April 2014 standoff with federal officers seeking to impound Mr. Bundy’s cattle, “with prejudice” this week – meaning prosecutors cannot retry the case on the same charges. “The court has found that a universal sense of justice has been violated” by prosecutors who withheld and misrepresented vast quantities of evidence, she told the courtroom.

The case is a dramatic example of prosecutorial misconduct, which some legal experts see as a cultural flaw in the criminal justice system. Prosecutors are arguably the most powerful actors in the system, in part because they are the gatekeepers for most evidence in a case. Having to provide evidence to a defendant while also seeking to beat them in court understandably can lead to temptation, legal experts say.

“It’s like making your own calls in a basketball game: ‘That wasn’t a foul on me,’ ” says John Raphling, a senior researcher at Human Rights Watch who spent more than two decades as a criminal defense lawyer in California.

“I don’t want to say it’s human nature, but it’s a natural tendency to see things your own way,” he adds, “especially when you’re wrapped up in the competitive world of trying cases.”

Read the full story here.

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Bill would give Norfolk Four $3.5M for wrongful rape, murder convictions

City agrees to pay $9.3 million for wrongful conviction tied to Burge detectives

The Innocence Deniers

Great article about #BlindInjusticeChapter2BlindDenial

Lara Bazelon writes: In an adversarial legal system, it’s natural to presume that prosecutors and defense attorneys are driven by the same goal: to win. They aren’t. In Berger v. United States, decided in 1935, the Supreme Court famously declared that the prosecution’s ultimate goal “is not that it shall win a case, but that justice shall be done.” A prosecutor, the court wrote, “is in a peculiar and very definite sense the servant of the law, the twofold aim of which is that guilt shall not escape or innocence suffer.”

 [And yet] some prosecutors—the most powerful actors in the criminal justice system—refuse to correct life-altering errors.